throwing analysis

throwing analysisIn order to be able to fully help your softball players to be good throwers, it is beneficial to have a thorough understanding of the skill from as many angles as possible. Following is what can refered to as a referent model or throwing analysis for softball throwing that will give you some ideas on how to improve small specific pieces of the skill that need to be refined.

Throwing Analysis Considerations

The best way to analyze softball skills is with video analysis.  The ability to slow the motion down and see specific movements by the player will allow you to not only take not of the refinements but also allows the player to see it as well.  This will be useful in the development of kinesthetic awareness.

Technical / Tactical Skill Factors

We don’t always consider it but throwing is a technical and tactical skill.  How and when the player throws the ball will determine the ultimate success.

Some Technical Errors for Throwing

Technical Errors Improvement Strategies
No Wrist Snap Flip the ball at a wall or snap to partner
Stepping with the wrong foot Mirror the movement with athlete
No follow through Remind her to point her front shoulder after the throw
Not looking at the target Use targets and move the target before throw

Some Tactical Errors for Throwing

Tactical Factors Improvement Strategies
throws to incorrect base have them stop before throwing
doesn’t know where to use practice situations
no confidence in receiver reinforce good throwing

Psychological Requirements

Softball is a game that has a lot of psychological barriers for athletes during competition.  The psychology of throwing requires skills that are going to have a

  • Narrow focus – making sure to hit the target
  • Confidence – feeling capable of making a good throw
  • Emotional Control – not worried about the outcome
  • Concentration -not distracted by environment and thinking about the process

Some Psychological Challenges for throwing

Technical Factors Improvement Strategies
Scared to overthrow Cue word just before throwing
Not confident about abilities Visualization in between
Believes receiver cant catch Focus on own skills , talk to the coach

Physical Requirements

Softball is a power sport that requires the following biomotor skills:

  • Coordination – transition to throwing / good mechanics
  • Balance – being able to plant the lead foot to start the throw
  • Speed strength – strong through full range of motion
  • Maximum strengthexplosive power on the release
  • Flexibility – most productive range of motion of the arm
  • Agility – quick footwork in the transition to the throwing motion

Some Physical Challenges for throwing

Technical Factors Improvement Strategies
Lack of strength Therabands / weighted balls
Coordination Coordination drills
Flexibility Yoga / Post activity stretching

Performance Outcome Factors

Every softball skills is executed with a desired outcome.  That outcome however can be broken down just as the skill itself is.  Here are some expected outcomes that you might have.

Expected Outcome Mechanics / Biomechanics
Accuracy Grip
Correct location Stride
No effort required by receiver Arm / wrist action
High velocity Body rotation  / wrist snap
Quick transition Follow through


As coaches, error detection and correction is what we do.  There is a time and a place however for that activity to occur.  During competition is generally not the time.  Following is a few recommended paths you can take to help your players improve their skills.

Intervention Timing
Break down the skill During practice
Kinesthetic feedback During practice
Skill instruction During practice
Provide a mentor During practice
throwing analysis
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throwing analysis
Throwing analysis is critical for refining throwing with young softball players. Here is a break down that might be helpful for you.
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Softball Tutor
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