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throwing analysis

throwing analysisIn order to be able to fully help your softball players to be good throwers, it is beneficial to have a thorough understanding of the skill from as many angles as possible. Following is what can refered to as a referent model or throwing analysis for softball throwing that will give you some ideas on how to improve small specific pieces of the skill that need to be refined.

Throwing Analysis Considerations

The best way to analyze softball skills is with video analysis.  The ability to slow the motion down and see specific movements by the player will allow you to not only take not of the refinements but also allows the player to see it as well.  This will be useful in the development of kinesthetic awareness.

Technical / Tactical Skill Factors

We don’t always consider it but throwing is a technical and tactical skill.  How and when the player throws the ball will determine the ultimate success.

Some Technical Errors for Throwing

Technical ErrorsImprovement Strategies
No Wrist SnapFlip the ball at a wall or snap to partner
Stepping with the wrong footMirror the movement with athlete
No follow throughRemind her to point her front shoulder after the throw
Not looking at the targetUse targets and move the target before throw

Some Tactical Errors for Throwing

Tactical FactorsImprovement Strategies
throws to incorrect basehave them stop before throwing
doesn’t know where touse practice situations
no confidence in receiverreinforce good throwing

Psychological Requirements

Softball is a game that has a lot of psychological barriers for athletes during competition.  The psychology of throwing requires skills that are going to have a

  • Narrow focus – making sure to hit the target
  • Confidence – feeling capable of making a good throw
  • Emotional Control – not worried about the outcome
  • Concentration -not distracted by environment and thinking about the process

Some Psychological Challenges for throwing

Technical FactorsImprovement Strategies
Scared to overthrowCue word just before throwing
Not confident about abilitiesVisualization in between
Believes receiver cant catchFocus on own skills , talk to the coach

Physical Requirements

Softball is a power sport that requires the following biomotor skills:

  • Coordination – transition to throwing / good mechanics
  • Balance – being able to plant the lead foot to start the throw
  • Speed strength – strong through full range of motion
  • Maximum strength – explosive power on the release
  • Flexibility – most productive range of motion of the arm
  • Agility – quick footwork in the transition to the throwing motion

Some Physical Challenges for throwing

Technical FactorsImprovement Strategies
Lack of strengthTherabands / weighted balls
CoordinationCoordination drills
FlexibilityYoga / Post activity stretching

Performance Outcome Factors

Every softball skills is executed with a desired outcome.  That outcome however can be broken down just as the skill itself is.  Here are some expected outcomes that you might have.

Expected OutcomeMechanics / Biomechanics
Correct locationStride
No effort required by receiverArm / wrist action
High velocityBody rotation  / wrist snap
Quick transitionFollow through


As coaches, error detection and correction is what we do.  There is a time and a place however for that activity to occur.  During competition is generally not the time.  Following is a few recommended paths you can take to help your players improve their skills.

Break down the skillDuring practice
Kinesthetic feedbackDuring practice
Skill instructionDuring practice
Provide a mentorDuring practice
throwing analysis
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throwing analysis
Throwing analysis is critical for refining throwing with young softball players. Here is a break down that might be helpful for you.
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Softball Tutor
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